SEC presses Twitter and its CEO Parag Agrawal on spam-account calculations

A 3D-printed Twitter logo on non-3D printed Twitter logos is seen in this picture illustration taken April 28, 2022. REUTERS Dado Ruvic/Illustration

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission recently pressed Twitter for more information on how the company identifies spam accounts, adding to scrutiny over the platform’s processes for keeping tabs on its user base.

The SEC’s June 15 query to Chief Executive Officer Parag Agrawal, which was made public on Wednesday, centered on statements in the firm’s latest annual report. The company has said that spam and bot accounts comprise less than 5% of its user base.

Parag Agrawal newly appointed CEO of Twitter Inc. Photo: @parag-agrawal

Twitter is on the defensive this week over how it tracks and keeps tabs on fake accounts after a whistle-blower complaint alleged the company didn’t do enough to deal with bot activity on its platform. While the company has denied those allegations from its ex-head of security Peiter Zatko, some legal experts say it could bolster Elon Musk in his attempt to walk away from a $44 billion buyout of the platform.

“To the extent material, please disclose the methodology used in calculating these figures and the underlying judgments and assumptions used by management,” the SEC said in its June 15 letter to Agrawal, regarding statements in its annual report.

In response, Twitter’s lawyers told the SEC on June 22 that the company “already adequately discloses the methodology” that it uses. Twitter said that it randomly selects thousands of accounts to be reviewed by people each quarter and has done so for many years. Reviewers working for the firm use both public and private data to flag an account as fake or spam.

The SEC also posted on Wednesday a July 27 letter noting that it had concluded its review of the matter. “We remind you that the company and its management are responsible for the accuracy and adequacy of their disclosures, notwithstanding any review, comments, action or absence of action by the staff,” the agency wrote.

Meanwhile, in its June 15 query, the SEC also asked Twitter to explain an error related to the company’s overstatement of daily average users between the first quarter of 2019 to the fourth quarter of 2021. The agency asked how the error, which was disclosed in the firm’s first quarter report, was discovered. It also asked why the social media giant determined it wasn’t a “material weakness” in internal controls over financial reporting.

In response, the company said the over counting was related to letting users link separate accounts in order to easily switch between them. The overstatement “had no impact on Twitter’s financial statements,” the firm said.




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