Despite intense criticism, what President Biden has gotten right in immigration: Analysis

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President Biden’s handling of immigration is the subject of intense scrutiny and criticism from all sides. Much of this criticism is right, but the president has also implemented many positive policies. While it often acted too slowly and has much more to do, the new administration has already reversed the most important restrictionist policies imposed by the Trump administration.

Major Big Picture Actions

  1. Ending the “security” travel bans

On January 20, 2021, President Biden fully rescinded President Trump’s ban on immigration and certain travel for nationals of Iran, North Korea, Somalia, Libya, Syria, and Yemen (the original group from 2017) as well as for Nigeria, Eritrea, Tanzania, Sudan, Kyrgyzstan, and Myanmar (the second group added in February 2020).

  1. Rescinding the labor protectionist immigrant visa ban
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On February 25, 2021, President Biden fully rescinded President Trump’s worldwide ban on permanent immigration by almost everyone other than spouses and minor children of U.S. citizens. The ban was based on the fear that they would compete for jobs with U.S. citizens.

  1. Rescinding the “public charge” rule

In February 2020, the Trump administration implemented a rule that, in effect, banned most family‐​sponsored and diversity lottery immigrants with low incomes. In March 2021, the Biden administration rescinded this rule.

  1. Recovering immigrant visa processing

Overall immigrant visa issuances have recovered to their pre‐​pandemic level and—for two months—even exceeded the pre‐​Trump level.

Figure 1. Photo Cato.org
  1. Allowing the labor protectionist nonimmigrant visa ban to expire

On April 1, 2021, President Biden allowed President’s Trump’s worldwide ban on most nonfarm temporary work visas to expire on the terms originally set by President Trump. The ban was based on the fear that these workers would compete for jobs with U.S. citizens.

  1. Reopening most U.S. consulates to process visas

The State Department moved slowly to reopen consulates, but now most U.S. consulates are fully open for nonimmigrant visa processing.

Figure 2. Photo: Cato.org
  1. Expansion of nonimmigrant visa interview waivers

In March 2021, the State Department waived most nonimmigrant visa interviews for individuals renewing visas expired in the last 4 years, and it authorized interview waivers for many work visa applicants. About half of all nonimmigrant visa applicants no longer need a visa interview. This has helped to partially recover the nonimmigrant visa processing.

Figure 3. Photo: Cato.org
  1. Ending country‐​based travel bans

President Trump banned anyone traveling from certain countries during the COVID-19 pandemic. This list included China, Iran, Brazil, and nearly all of Europe. President Biden maintained and even expanded the list in 2021 to include India and South Africa, but finally, in November 2021, he replaced all these bans with a much simpler (albeit still unnecessary) vaccination requirement.

  1. Ending the nonessential travel ban with Mexico and Canada

In November 2021, Biden replaced the Trump administration’s nonessential travel ban on noncitizen travelers through the land borders with Mexico and Canada with a vaccination requirement.

Figure 4. Photo: Cato.org

Employment‐​Based Issues

  1. Increasing the H‑2B visa cap multiple times

The Biden administration has acted—based on specific congressional authorization—to increase the H‑2B cap in the summer of 2021, the winter of 2021–22, and the summer of 2022, and it has announced plans to use all the visas authorized by Congress for the first time in the winter and summer of fiscal year 2023.

Figure 5. Photo: Cato.org
  1. Ending the waste of employer‐​sponsored green cards in 2022

In 2020 and 2021, the government failed to process a significant percentage of employment‐​based green card cap spots (as a result of the higher cap, intentionally sabotage by the Trump administration, and poor execution by the Biden administration). In 2022, however, it processed the largest number ever and wasted none of the employer‐​sponsored cap spots.

Figure 6. Photo: Cato.org
  1. Suspending biometric requirement for certain status renewals

In March 2021, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) suspended the requirement to make fingerprint appointments to renew status for various nonimmigrant dependents (spouses and minor children). This Trump rule had caused a massive backlog for those appointments for green card applicants, leading to wasted green card cap spots.

  1. Reinstating the prior deference memo

The Trump administration’s USCIS rescinded the policy of deferring to a prior adjudication involving the same facts and parties. This policy meant that it could get to effectively “redo” old H‑1B adjudications when the status came up for renewal, leading to a surge in denials and requests for evidence. In April 2021, USCIS reinstated the prior deference memo.

  1. Decreasing H‑1B requests for evidence and denials

The H‑1B denial rate and requests for evidence have both fallen under the Biden administration.

Figure 7. Photo: Cato.org

(This article appeared on Cato.org Nov. 29, 2022)

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