India invited to join regional Quartet on Afghanistan that includes Pakistan and China


Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov has said that India has been invited to join the core group of four countries neighboring Afghanistan that are seeking to bring stability to the conflict-ridden South Asian nation.

The Quartet of Russia, China, Pakistan and Iran have been working together on Afghanistan “and we invited India as well” to join making it a quintet, Lavrov said at a news conference at the UN in New York on Tuesday, April 25, 2023.

“We want this Quintet to be constituted as something of a core for the format of neighboring states”, he said.

The foreign ministers of the Quartet met in Samarkand, Uzbekistan earlier this month under the chairmanship of China’s Foreign Minister Qin Gang and offered to cooperate with the Taliban regime in reconstruction and in economic matters.

But the ministers also expressed concern over the presence of terrorist organizations in Afghanistan that “continue to pose a serious threat to regional and global security”.

Iran’s Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian was at the meeting, while Pakistan was represented by Minister of State Hina Rabbani Khar.

Their statement included criticism of the West that said that “the NATO countries should bear primary responsibility for the predicament in Afghanistan” and should immediately lift sanctions on Afghanistan and return its frozen assets.

Posing a dilemma for India in joining a “Quintet” is that the four countries in the Quartet have the makings of a distinct anti-West grouping and two of them, Pakistan and China, are hostile to New Delhi.

Lavrov said that while the Taliban regime, which has no international recognition, is a “reality on the ground and there’s a need to talk with them”, Russia will not recognise it “until they comply with (and) honour their own pledges”.

He made political inclusivity that extends beyond ethnicities to political groups a condition.

They will have to “ensure inclusivity in the governing structures, not just inclusivity at the ethnic level, but also at the political level”, he said.

While they include minorities like Hazaras, Tajiks and Uzbek they are all members of the Taliban, and “it is very important for there to be strong representation and political forces”, he added.

There is also the issue of human rights, including the rights of women and girls, he said.

These issues will be discussed at a meeting of special representatives for Afghanistan convened by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in Doha next month, he added.

(Used with permission from South Asia Monitor)



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