U.S., India, Israel and UAE sign alliance to tackle some of the “greatest challenges”

Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India virtually joined President Biden and Israel and UAE leaders for inaugural I2U2 meeting July 14, 2022. Photo: videograb Twitter @narendramodi

The heads of Government of India, Israel, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and the United States, convened for the first leaders’ meeting of the “I2U2” Group, July 14, 2022.  India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi joined the meeting virtually.

“This unique grouping of countries aims to harness the vibrancy of our societies and entrepreneurial spirit to tackle some of the greatest challenges confronting our world, with a particular focus on joint investments and new initiatives in water, energy, transportation, space, health, and food security,” a Joint Statement from the countries released by the White House, said.

PM Modi joined in virtually for the inaugural meeting of I2U2 Group of countries including President Biden and leaders of Israel and UAE July 14, 2022. Photo: videograb Twitter @narendramodi

India is key to the agreement as it will be providing the land in Gujarat required to set up the infrastructure needed for at least two of the initiatives – Food Security and Clean Energy.

The plan involves mobilizing private sector capital and expertise to modernize infrastructure, advance low carbon development pathways for industries, improve public health and access to  vaccines, advance physical connectivity between countries in the Middle East region, jointly create new solutions for waste treatment, explore joint financing opportunities, connect startups to I2U2 investments, and promote the development of critical emerging and green technologies, all while ensuring near- and long-term food and energy security, the statement said.

“We reaffirm our support for the Abraham Accords and other peace and normalization arrangements with Israel,” the statement said, adding, “We welcome the economic opportunities that flow from these historic developments, including for the advancement of economic cooperation in the Middle East and South Asia, and in particular for the promotion of sustainable investment amongst the I2U2 partners.”

The Abraham Accords outlined a program sponsored by the U.S., and signed between Israel, UAE and the U.S. in 2020, to raise $3 billion for boosting agriculture and trade in the Middle East in a bid to ‘normalize’ Tel Aviv’s relations with countries in that region.

The leaders also said they welcome other new groupings of countries such as the Negev Forum for regional cooperation that recognizes Israel as an innovation hub connecting new partners and hemispheres to address challenges.

The July 14 meeting was the inauguration of I2U2 and focused on the areas of food security crisis and clean energy.

The leaders discussed innovative ways to ensure longer-term, more diversified food production and food delivery systems that can better manage global food shocks.

The I2U2 leaders highlighted the following initiatives at this meeting:

  • Food Security:  The UAE – home to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and host of COP28 in 2023 – will invest $2 billion to develop a series of integrated food parks across India that will incorporate state-of-the-art climate-smart technologies to reduce food waste and spoilage, conserve fresh water, and employ renewable energy sources.  India will provide appropriate land for the project and will facilitate farmers’ integration into the food parks.  U.S. and Israeli private sectors will be invited to lend their expertise and offer innovative solutions that contribute to the overall sustainability of the project.  These investments will help maximize crop yields and, in turn, help tackle food insecurity in South Asia and the Middle East.
  • Clean Energy:  The I2U2 Group will advance a hybrid renewable energy project in India’s Gujarat State consisting of 300 megawatts (MW) of wind and solar capacity complemented by a battery energy storage system.  The U.S. Trade and Development Agency funded a feasibility study for the $330 million USD project.  UAE-based companies are exploring opportunities to serve as critical knowledge and investment partners.  Israel and the United States intend to work with the UAE and India to highlight private sector opportunities.  Indian companies are keen to participate in this project and contribute to India’s goal of achieving 500 GW of non-fossil fuel capacity by 2030.  Such projects have the potential to make India a global hub for alternate supply chains in the renewable energy sector.

The leaders expressed their determination to leverage well-established markets to build more innovative, inclusive, and science-based solutions to enhance food security and sustainable food systems.

The leaders also welcomed India’s interest in joining the United States, the UAE, and Israel in the Agriculture Innovation Mission for Climate initiative (AIM for Climate).

The Joint Statement recognized that these are only the first steps in a long-term strategic partnership to promote initiatives and investments that improve the movement of people and goods across hemispheres, and increase sustainability and resilience through collaborative science and technology partnerships.




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